Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)
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Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) (unverified)
Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)
A compliant implementation of OGC WMS.
Arctic Marine Areas (arcticmarineareas)
There are many ways to divide the Arctic marine region—by ecosystem/ecological characteristics, by administrative criteria, or by some combination of the two. However, effective monitoring of biodiversity requires that an ecosystem-based approach be used for choosing areas. http://geo.abds.is/geonetwork/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/dcd5c12f-3acb-4101-8e1a-bba0aec50582
Coasts per ocean (20150814) (coasts_per_ocean)
Coasts Subnational Level (20150814) (coasts_subnational)
Created by VLIZ, based on countries, GADM, NUTS, Wikipedia, Google Maps, OpenStreetMap, Topographic map, ...
Continental margins between 140m and 3500m depth (IFREMER - COMARGE, 2009) (comarge)
This shapefile has been prepared in the framework of COMARGE, one of the field project of the Census of Marine Life. It is intended to represent continental margins worldwide, with the exclusion of the continental shelf. The continental margins have been defined based on bathymetry and expert opinion. The upper margin of the boundary has been set at 140 m depth, which is the average depth of the shelf break, except in Antarctica where the shelf break goes deeper and the upper boundary has been set up at 500 m. The lower boundary has been set at 3500 m depth. Both isobaths were extracted from S2004 Bathymetry (a global bathymetry at 1 arc-minute resolution). The upper and lower boundaries were manually edited to follow the contour of continental margins in particular cases.
Cross dateline features (polygons) (cross_dateline_polygons)
Exclusive Economic Zones (200 NM) V9 (eez)
Version 9 of the Exclusive Economic Zones from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a seazone extending from a state's coast or baseline over which the state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. Generally a state's EEZ extends 200 nautical miles out from its coast, except where resulting points would be closer to another country. This dataset also contains delimitation of disputed areas and joint regimes.
Territorial Seas (12 NM) V1 (eez_12nm)
Version 1 of the Territorial Seas from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. Territorial seas are a belt of coastal waters extending at most 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) from the baseline (usually the mean low-water mark) of a coastal state.
Contiguous Zones (24 NM) V1 (eez_24nm)
Version 1 of the Contiguous Zones from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. The Contiguous Zone is a band of water extending from the outer edge of the territorial sea to up to 24 nautical miles (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) from the baseline.
Archipelagic Waters (V1) (eez_archipelagic_waters)
Version 1 of the Archipelagic Waters from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. Archipelagic Waters are waters falling within archipelagic baselines.
Maritime boundaries V9 (eez_boundaries)
Version 9 of the Maritime Boundaries from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. Boundariess have been built using information about treaties between coastal countries. When treaties are not available, median lines have been calculated. This dataset also contains delimitation of disputed boundaries and joint regimes.
Marineregions: the intersect of the Exclusive Economic Zones and IHO areas (eez_iho_union_v2)
The maritime boundaries provide a useful tool to limit national marine areas, but do not include information on marine regional and sub regional seas. This hampers the usage of these boundaries for implementing nature conservation strategies or analyzing marine biogeographic patterns. For example, a species occurring in the German EEZ can live in the North Sea, the Baltic Sea or Kattegat area. Each of these different marine areas has very distinct hydrological, oceanographic and ecological conditions. Therefore, by combining the information on regional seas and national maritime boundaries, we can include both a environmental and managerial factor. We propose to overlay the information from the maritime boundaries (the Exclusive Economic Zones) with the IHO Sea Areas (IHO, 1953). This map including the global oceans and seas, has been drafted for hydrographic purposes, but also gives an unequivocal and acceptable distinction of the regional seas and oceans from an oceanographic point of view. The combination of these two boundaries allows us for example to create national regional sea areas for the global ocean.
Internal Waters (V1) (eez_internal_waters)
Version 1 of the Internal Waters from the VLIZ Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. Internal Waters are the waters on the landward side of the baseline of a nation's territorial waters, except in archipelagic states. It includes waterways such as rivers and canals, and sometimes the water within small bays.
Marine and land zones: the union of world country boundaries and EEZ's (eez_land)
This dataset combines the boundaries of the world countries and the Exclusive Economic Zones of the world. It was created by combining the ESRI world country database and the EEZ version 8 dataset.
FADA Faunistic Regions (fadaregions)
FAO Fishing Areas (fao)
The dataset represents the boundaries of the FAO Fishing Areas. The source for the boundaries is the description that can be found on the FAO website (http://www.oceansatlas.org/servlet/CDSServlet?status=ND0zMTA2JmN0bl9pbmZvX3ZpZXdfc2l6ZT1jdG5faW5mb192aWV3X2Z1bGwmNj1lbiYzMz0qJjM3PWtvcw~~).
GSAS - Mediterranean Fishing Zones (gsas_mediterraneanfishingzones)
ICES Statistical Areas (ices_areas)
The ICES Statistical Areas delineates the divisions and subdivisions of FAO Major Fishing area 27. The ICES Statistical Areas are used as bounding areas for calculation of fish statistics, e.g. catch per unit effort (CPUE) and stock estimates.
ICES Ecoregions (2015) (ices_ecoregions)
Delineation of the ICES Ecoregions was originally described in ICES Advice ACFM/ACE report(2004). In the present updated version, the delineation has been updated to account for additional policy objectives and reconciling of legislation (eg the MSFD and the EU water and habitats directives) The differences are based on the four principles: 1. Within the EU accept the MSFD regional and sub-regional definitions. 2. Separate Icelandic Seas from those around Greenland. 3. Use Large Marine Ecosystem units to define the Arctic Ocean. 4. Use the accepted Norwegian regional management plans definitions of the Norwegian and Barents Seas. The Ecoregions were proposed to assist the implementation of the ecosystem approach in European waters
ICES Statistical Rectangles (ices_statistical_rectangles)
IHO Sea Areas (iho)
World seas represents the boundaries for the major oceans and seas of the world. The source for the boundaries is the publication 'Limits of Oceans & Seas, Special Publication No. 23' published by the IHO in 1953.
IHO quadrants (20150810) (iho_quadrants_20150810)
land_v9 (coastline for Maritime Boundaries v9, without attribute information) (land_v9)
The ESRI Countries 2014 was the primary source for the Maritime Boundaries v9 baseline. The coastline was extracted from the ESRI Countries 2014 and then combined with reefs data extracted from Coral Reef Distribution UNEP for the countries where reefs were fundamental for the correct calculation of the maritime areas, as intended by the coastal state. Several other fixes were made to the coastline to ensure that the coastline could be used as an appropriate normal baseline for the drawing of the multiple Maritime Boundaries areas. More information: http://www.marineregions.org/eezmethodology.php
The 66 Large Marine Ecosystems of the World (lme)
LMEs are natural regions of ocean space encompassing coastal waters from river basins and estuaries to the seaward boundary of continental shelves and the outer margins of coastal currents. They are relatively large regions of 200,000 km2 or greater, the natural boundaries of which are based on four ecological criteria: bathymetry, hydrography, productivity, and trophically related populations. The theory, measurement, and modeling relevant to monitoring the changing states of LMEs are imbedded in reports on ecosystems with multiple steady states, and on the pattern formation and spatial diffusion within ecosystems. The concept that critical processes controlling the structure and function of biological communities can best be addressed on a regional basis has been applied to the ocean by using LMEs as the distinct units for marine resources assessment, monitoring, and management. Credits Large Marine Ecosystem Program NOAA-Fisheries Narragansett Laboratory Narragansett, R.I. 02882 Kenneth.Sherman@NOAA.gov www.lme.noaa.gov
Global Biogeochemical Provinces (Longhurst) (longhurst)
The dataset represents the division of the world oceans into provinces as defined by Longhurst (1995; 1998; 2006). The division has been based on the prevailing role of physical forcing as a regulator of phytoplankton distribution. The dataset contains the initial static boundaries developed at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Canada. Note that the boundaries of these provinces are not fixed in time and space, but are dynamic and move under seasonal and interannual changes in physical forcing. At the first level of reduction, Longhurst recognised four principal biomes: the Polar biome, the Westerlies biome, the Trade winds biome, and the Coastal biome. These four biomes are recognised in every major ocean basin. At the next level of reduction, the ocean basins are divided into provinces, roughly ten for each basin. These regions provide a template for data analysis or for making parameter assignments on a global scale. Please refer to Longhurst's publications when using these shapefiles.
North America Coastal Water Bodies (na_coastalwaterbodies)
This layer represents oceans, bays, lagoons, and estuaries in and near the United States and Canada. Source: ESRI http://www.esri.com/~/media/Files/Pdfs/legal/pdfs/redist_rights_10.1.pdf
OSPAR Boundaries (ospar_boundaries)
A shapefile containing the external boundary and internal region boundary lines to describe the OSPAR area.
OSPAR Regions (ospar_regions)
SeaVoX - Sea Areas Polygons (v16, 2015) (seavox_v16)
SeaVoX is a combined SeaDataNet and MarineXML vocabulary content governance group, it is moderated by BODC (https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/codes_and_formats/seavox/). This polygon data set defines the geographic extent of the terms specified by the SeaVoX vocabulary governance to describe coherent regions of the hydrosphere. It includes land masses enclosing freshwater bodies. The coastline data set used in the shapefile is taken from the World Vector Shoreline data set (scale 1:250,000). Reference for the data set: "polygon data set of the extent of water bodies from the SeaVoX Salt and Fresh Water Body Gazetteer, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/list/C19/current/" The data file follows a hierarchical structure with each region consisting of one or more polygons. This approach was adopted to avoid the need to have overlapping polygons in regions where a sea area included a number of sub-regions, for example the Mediterranean Sea includes the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea etc. The following gives the level in the structure at which particular regions, which consist of more than one polygon can be found. This level in the structure is given by the polygon's attributes. Attribute: REGION: ARCTIC OCEAN, ATLANTIC OCEAN,BALTIC SEA,INDIAN OCEAN,MEDITERRANEAN REGION,PACIFIC OCEAN,SOUTH CHINA AND EASTERN ARCHIPELAGIC SEAS,SOUTHERN OCEAN,MAINLAND NORTH AMERICAMAINLAND,EUROPE,MAINLAND ASIA Attribute: LEVEL_1:ARAFURA SEA,DAVIS SEA,GREENLAND SEA,GULF OF BOTHNIA,MEDITERRANEAN SEA,NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN,NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN,ROSS SEA,SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN,SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN,TIMOR SEA, LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKED Attribute: LEVEL_2:MEDITERRANEAN SEA, WESTERN BASIN,MEDITERRANEAN SEA,EASTERN BASIN,NORTHEAST ATLANTIC OCEAN (40W),NORTHEAST PACIFIC OCEAN (180W),NORTHWEST ATLANTIC OCEAN (40W),NORTHWEST PACIFIC OCEAN (180W),SOUTHEAST ATLANTIC OCEAN (20W),SOUTHEAST PACIFIC OCEAN (140W),SOUTHWEST ATLANTIC OCEAN (20W),SOUTHWEST PACIFIC OCEAN (140W) LAKE ERIE, LAKE SUPERIOR, DETROIT RIVER, ST. CLAIR RIVER, LAKE ST. CLAIR, NIAGARA RIVER, LAKE HURON, LAKE ONTARIO, LAKE MICHIGAN, ST. MARYS RIVER Attribute: LEVEL_3:BERING SEA,CORAL SEA,ENGLISH CHANNEL,JAPAN SEA,NORTH SEA,TASMAN SEA,YELLOW SEA Attribute: LEVEL_4:CARDIGAN BAY,DOVER STRAIT,FIRTH OF CLYDE,LIVERPOOL BAY,NORTH CHANNEL,POOLE BAY,SOLENT,SOLWAY FIRTH Attribute: SUB_REGION:This is the lowest level in the structure. This version of the shapefile corresponds to version 16of the SeaVoX Salt and Fresh Water Body Gazetteer. This version includes the following updates:Inclsuion of sub-divisions of the Laurentian Great Lakes in North America. Changes made in version 14:1. Joseph Bonaparte Gulf was incorrectly spelt in version 13 of C19, this has now been corrected. It was correctly spelt in version 13 of the SeaVoX Salt and Fresh Water BodyGazetteer Shapefile data set.2. An additional attribute field 'skos_url' has been added to the shapefile. This provides the web address of the definition of the individual sea areas from the SeaVoX salt and fresh water body gazeteer (http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C19/current/).3. Addition of a missing section of the polygon for the Bering Sea region (around 175E, 58N).4. Change of following names:‘Mainland Europe’ changed to ‘European Mainland’‘Mainland Asia’ changed to ‘Asian Mainland’‘Mainland North America’ changed to ‘North America Mainland’‘St Brides Bay’ changed to ‘St. Brides Bay’‘St George’s Channel’ changed to ‘St. George’s Channel’‘St Magnus Bay’ changed to ‘St. Magnus Bay’Changes made in version 13: 1. Inclusion of the FRAM STRAITChanges made in version 12: 1. Bellingshausen Sea was wrongly labelled as Bellinghausen Sea in previous versions of the data set. This has now been corrected.2. A section of the Chukchi Sea, in the area 179 degress 20 minutes East; 70 degrees 3 minutes North, was missing in version 11 of the data set. This has been corrected. Credits Polygon data set of the extent of water bodies from the SeaVoX Salt and Fresh Water Body Gazetteer, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/list/C19/current/ Use limitations The source of the data set should be attributed as: "polygon data set of the extent of water bodies from the SeaVoX Salt and Fresh Water Body Gazetteer, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/list/C19/current/"
World Bays, Gulfs, Lagoons, Inlets, Coves, Fjords, Creeks, .... (world_bay_gulf)
Created by VLIZ (2015)
World Marine Heritage Sites (worldheritagemarineprogramme)
This file contains the 46 World Marine Heritage Sites. Launched in 2005, the mission of the world Heritage Marine Programme is to establish effective conservation of existing and potential marine areas of Outstanding Universal Value to make sure they will be maintained and thrive for generations to come. In order to create the data, information from the UNESCO World Heritage Marine Programme and Protected Planet were collected and compiled.